Understanding the limitations of acrylic paint when it comes to water
If you have spent time and effort creating an acrylic artwork that you’re happy with, one of your greatest fears will be – is this painting going to last?
The good news is, acrylic paint is one of the best paints for water resistance. It is very durable and fast drying.
For this reason acrylic paint is used on walls, wood, canvas and most other surfaces, even those that are going to be outside.
However, “Waterproof” implies that the paint can be exposed to large amounts of water for prolonged periods and remain unchanged.
In this way, no acrylic paint is completely waterproof.
But there are some easy and inexpensive ways you can protect your work from water.
If your painting is going outdoors the elements such as rain, wind and salt can cause peeling. UV rays from the Sun will cause the colours to fade.
If your paint surface is unstable it can cause cracks in the paint.
It is important in this case that you seal your artwork for its best chance of survival in harsh conditions!
But understand the risks of keeping your art outside.
Do your research and talk to workers at your local art and craft shop and hardware store because they can give you advice on this.
Protecting your artwork
1) Choose the right surface
The stronger the paint grips to the surface, the harder it will be for water to pull it off. Acrylic paint can form a proper bond to the right surface and look brighter for longer.
Textured surfaces like wood or concrete can work for acrylic paint if they are properly primed.
Smoother surfaces like glass or metal will need to be prepped by scuffing the surface. This ensures the paint has something to grip to.
2) Prime your surface
Priming a surface simply involves painting it with a layer of something like gesso. Gesso paint or paint primer is also what’s painted onto a canvas to make it easier to paint on and for the paint to grip onto.
Painting multiple layers will make the colours appear more vivid. At least 3 layers will ensure that even if the top layer starts to peel or fade, the original surface will not be visible.
3) Choose the right paint
All acrylic paint contains a polymer which allows the paint to stick to surfaces. This glue-like polymer is resin based. Paint durability is highly dependent on the type and percentage of resin.
Usually more expensive paints will last longer. Though some high quality paints have softer resins that may not be as suitable for outdoor use.
Paints that contain more resin will form a stronger bond to the surface. This is why there is a huge difference in the price of house paints. (If you didn’t know, these are usually acrylic paints!).
House paints that have more (and stronger) resins will be more expensive and last longer.
It’s best to speak to your local art supplier or hardware shop worker about paint selection.
Some high quality brands may not be suitable for outdoor use. A brand like Golden would be suitable, but if you are painting a large wall, then it would probably be too expensive.
For larger surfaces, consider high quality house paints, or mural paints like Nova.
Some colours will also be more suitable for outdoor use. These are colours that are more “lightfast”.
Colours like cadmium yellow have poor light-fastness, so will fade quicker. Try to use only colours with “excellent” light-fastness.
4) Varnish your painting
When you have finished painting, choose a good quality varnish for your surface.
Not just a varnish that you happen to have at home. Some varnishes have stronger solvents which can dissolve your paint. Some will be not suitable for smoother surfaces.
Best to speak to your local hardware store. Be sure to tell them about the surface, and if it’s outdoors and painted in acrylic.
If all this sounds a bit complicated, don’t worry.
Many professional visual artists don’t follow all of these rules and have the same questions as you!
Learn through experience. Paint on many surfaces with many types of paint, and see what works for you.
- Is acrylic paint water resistant?
To a degree, yes. If the occasional splash of water hits acrylic paint, it should not wash off. Make sure that the paint has dried before exposure to water. Also use a good quality paint on an appropriate surface.
- Does acrylic paint come off in rain?
Large amounts of rain over time will wear out the paint. This will happen to all paint. Varnishing will help delay the effects of rain though.
- What paint is waterproof?
No acrylic paint is completely waterproof. You can make the paint more water resistant by using a primed surface. Also choosing an appropriate brand of paint. It’s also important to varnish the surface after the paint dries.
- Is americana acrylic paint waterproof?
Most acrylic paint brands are relatively water resistant. However repetitive water exposure and other elements can affect the life of your acrylic painting. By applying a layer of varnish your acrylic paint will be protected from water for longer.
- Do you need to seal acrylic paint on canvas?
Varnishing your paint on canvas will ensure that the colours appear vivid for longer. It’s not essential, but recommended, especially if you are gifting/selling your work.
- Can you varnish over acrylic paint?
Yes. Be sure to select a varnish specific for acrylic paint though. Some varnishes contain solvents which can be a problem for acrylic paint. Also, wait at least a few days, or ideally a few weeks, before varnishing. This ensures the paint is fully dry. Even when the surface of paint is dry (touch dry), the inside/underneath can still be soft and wet.
- What kind of paint do you use outside?
Hardware stores will stock the best paints for outdoor use for example Dulux, Behr Premium and British Paints to name a few. Most acrylic paint is great for outdoor use, as long as you follow advice from experts at the shop you are purchasing from.
- Do I need to prime exterior wood before painting?
Wood, like all painting surfaces, should be primed before painting. The prime means that less of your paint will seep into the wood. It also provides a smoother more enjoyable surface to paint on. Your paint will better stick to wood, therefore extending the life of your painting.